Emergency orthodontic treatment after the traumatic intrusive luxation of maxillary incisors

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2004 Aug;126(2):162-72. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2003.06.019.


Treatment of traumatically intruded teeth is based largely on empirical clinical experience rather than on scientific data. The aim of this qualitative meta-analysis was to provide an evidence base to evaluate the orthodontic repositioning approach. In a MEDLINE search of the literature in English, 14 reported patients involving 22 teeth were found to have been treated by this modality. Additionally, 3 new patients, involving 9 intruded teeth and presented herein, were combined to form a total study sample of 17 subjects (7 girls, 10 boys, aged 8.9 +/- 1.2 years). Orthodontic extrusive forces were applied in the immediate posttrauma period (up to 3 months), with a variety of orthodontic appliances. Repositioning was achieved for 90.3% of the affected teeth but failed in 9.7% because of inflammatory resorption (2 teeth) or a misdiagnosis of root fracture (1 tooth). Early complications included loss of pulp vitality and external root resorption. All intruded teeth with closed root apices lost their vitality regardless of the degree of intrusion, whereas among those with incomplete apices, 45.5% that had been moderately intruded remained vital. External resorption was encountered in 54.8% of the teeth. Loss of marginal bone support was rarely encountered. Late complications included inflammatory root resorption in teeth with closed apices, in which endodontic treatment was not initially performed, and obliteration of the pulp tissue in teeth that remained vital. The results show that this method is superior to other treatment alternatives.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Emergency Treatment*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incisor / injuries*
  • Male
  • Prognosis
  • Root Canal Therapy
  • Root Resorption / etiology
  • Tooth Avulsion / complications
  • Tooth Avulsion / therapy*
  • Tooth Movement Techniques / instrumentation*
  • Tooth, Nonvital / etiology
  • Treatment Outcome