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Clinical Trial
, 15 (9), 1339-43

Gemcitabine Combined With Oxaliplatin (GEMOX) in Advanced Biliary Tract Adenocarcinoma: A GERCOR Study

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Clinical Trial

Gemcitabine Combined With Oxaliplatin (GEMOX) in Advanced Biliary Tract Adenocarcinoma: A GERCOR Study

T André et al. Ann Oncol.

Abstract

Background: Since gemcitabine-oxaliplatin (GEMOX) has been used in pancreatic adenocarcinoma, we studied its activity and tolerability in advanced biliary tract adenocarcinoma (ABTA).

Patients and methods: Consecutive adult patients with confirmed ABTA were recruited from four centers. Those in group A had performance status (PS) 0-2, bilirubin <2.5x normal and received GEMOX as first-line chemotherapy. Those in group B had PS >2 and/or bilirubin >2.5x normal and/or prior chemotherapy. All received gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 as a 10 mg/m2/min infusion on day 1, followed by oxaliplatin 100 mg/m2 as a 2-h infusion on day 2, every 2 weeks.

Results: Tumor sites were gallbladder (19), extrahepatic bile ducts (5), ampulla of vater (3) and intrahepatic bile ducts (29). Results for group A (n = 3) were: objective response 36% [95% confidence interval (CI) 18.7% to 52.3%], stable disease 26%, progressive disease 39%, median progression-free survival (PFS) 5.7 months and overall survival (OS) 15.4 months. Results for group B (n = 23) were: objective response 22% (95% CI 6.5% to 37.4%), stable disease 30%, progressive disease 48%, PFS 3.9 months and OS 7.6 months. National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria grade 3-4 toxicities were neutropenia 14% of patients, thrombocytopenia 9%, nausea/vomiting 5% and peripheral neuropathy 7%.

Conclusion: The GEMOX combination is active and well tolerated in ABTA.

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