In 2 experiments exploring memory for unfamiliar 3-dimensional objects, Ss studied drawings under conditions that encouraged encoding of global object structure. Implicit memory for objects was assessed by a judgment of structural possibility; explicit memory was assessed by recognition. The principal manipulation was the relationship between the sizes or the left-right parities of the studied and tested objects. Priming was observed on the possible-impossible object decision task despite transformations of size or reflection. Recognition, by contrast, was significantly impaired by the transformations. These results suggest that a structural description system constructs representations of objects invariant over size and reflection, whereas a separable episodic system encodes these transformations as properties of an object's distinctive representation in memory.