The effect of drop jump starting height and contact time on power, work performed, and moment of force

J Strength Cond Res. 2004 Aug;18(3):561-6. doi: 10.1519/1533-4287(2004)18<561:TEODJS>2.0.CO;2.


The purposes of this study are (a) to examine the effects of contact time manipulation on jump parameters and (b) to examine the interaction between starting height changes and contact time changes on important jump parameters. Fifteen male athletes performed a series of drop jumps from heights of 20, 40, and 60 cm. The instructions given to the subjects were (a) "jump as high as you can" and (b) "jump high a little faster than your previous jump." Jumps were performed at each height until the athlete could not achieve a shorter ground contact time. The data were divided into 5 groups where group 1 was made up of the longest ground contact times of each athlete and groups 2-4 were composed of progressively shorter contact times, with group 5 having the shortest contact times. The jumps of group 3 produced the highest maximum and mean mechanical power (p <0.05) during the positive phase of the drop jumps regardless of starting jump height. The vertical takeoff velocities for the first 3 groups did not show significant (p < 0.05) differences. These results indicate that the manipulation of jump technique plays larger role than jump height in the manipulation of important jump parameters.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Ankle / physiology
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Gravitation
  • Humans
  • Knee / physiology
  • Male
  • Movement / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Task Performance and Analysis*