Characterization of radiant emitters used in food processing

J Microw Power Electromagn Energy. 2003;38(4):213-24. doi: 10.1080/08327823.2003.11688500.


Radiant emissions from short, medium, and long wavelength thermal radiant emitter systems typically used for food processing applications were quantified. Measurements included heat flux intensity, emitter surface temperature, and spectral wavelength distribution. Heat flux measurements were found highly dependent on the incident angle and the distance from the emitter facing. The maximum flux measured was 5.4 W/cm2. Emitter surface temperature measurements showed that short wavelength radiant systems had the highest surface temperature and greatest thermal efficiency. The emitter spectral distributions showed that radiant emitter systems had large amounts of far infrared energy emission greater than 3 microm when compared to theoretical blackbody curves. The longer wavelength energy would likely cause increased surface heating for most high moisture content food materials.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Equipment Failure Analysis
  • Food Handling / instrumentation*
  • Food Handling / methods
  • Heating / instrumentation*
  • Heating / methods
  • Hot Temperature*
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiometry / methods
  • Thermography / methods*