Preservation of renal function by percutaneous renal angioplasty in high-risk elderly patients: short-term outcome

Nephron. 1992;60(2):187-92. doi: 10.1159/000186737.


In 17 elderly patients, 19 angioplasties (17 nonostial, 2 ostial) were performed to treat acute decreases in renal function caused by high-grade renal artery stenosis in patients considered to be high-risk surgical candidates. Seventeen angioplasties (percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty, PTRA) were technically successful and 7 patients showed improved renal function, as reflected by a fall in mean serum creatinine from 566 to 180 mumol/l (6.4 to 2.1 mg/dl). Four others had stabilization of function and 3 out of 4 with acute oliguria improved. Complications included femoral hematoma (4), minor peripheral embolism (3), renal artery thrombosis (1) renal artery dissection (1). One fatal complication was thrombosis of the aortic bifurcation due to catheterization. Four other patients died of cardiovascular causes unrelated to PTRA. Eleven patients experienced stabilization or improvement in renal function, but five out of six PTRA failures required maintenance hemodialysis and died in the hospital. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty may offer the best change of favorable outcome in selected severely ill elderly patients with uremia, hypertension and renal artery stenosis.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging / physiology*
  • Angioplasty, Balloon*
  • Creatine / blood
  • Embolism / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / therapy
  • Kidney / physiology*
  • Kidney Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Kidney Diseases / etiology
  • Kidney Diseases / therapy
  • Male
  • Renal Artery Obstruction / complications
  • Renal Artery Obstruction / epidemiology
  • Renal Artery Obstruction / therapy*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Thrombosis / etiology
  • Time Factors


  • Creatine