Optokinetic test to evaluate visual acuity of each eye independently

J Neurosci Methods. 2004 Sep 30;138(1-2):7-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2004.03.007.


A previously described optokinetic testing apparatus [Nat. Neurosci. 5 (2002) 53] was modified to measure vision in each eye separately for evaluation of monocular treatments. This apparatus consists also of a striped rotating drum. Ca. 170 degrees of the drum are illuminated from outside and ca. 190 degrees of the drum move behind a stationary black wall. The rat sits unrestrained in the drum center in a tube so that one eye is unexposed to the rotating stripes. Normal pigmented and retinal degenerate transgenic S334ter-3 rats were tested with the original and the modified apparatus. The usefulness of this method was tested in retinal degenerate rats with retinal transplants in one eye. In retinal degenerate animals, the amount of time (seconds) spent for head-tracking tended to be higher with the original method, possibly due to simultaneous stimulation of both eyes. In rats with retinal transplants, visual responses were significantly preserved in transplanted eyes at late stages of retinal degeneration. In conclusion, contributions from the fellow eye to the optokinetic tracking response can be limited by this testing modification, which is useful for evaluation of treatment effects to one eye.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified / physiology
  • Behavior, Animal
  • Eye Movements / genetics
  • Eye Movements / physiology*
  • Functional Laterality / physiology*
  • Head / physiology
  • Nystagmus, Optokinetic / physiology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Long-Evans
  • Retinal Degeneration / physiopathology
  • Sensory Deprivation / physiology
  • Vision Tests / methods*
  • Visual Acuity / physiology*