Insulin aspart: a review of its use in the management of type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus

Drugs. 2004;64(17):1957-74. doi: 10.2165/00003495-200464170-00013.

Abstract

Insulin aspart (NovoRapid, NovoLog) is a short-acting insulin analogue, which has a faster onset and shorter duration of action than regular human insulin. Insulin aspart administered immediately before meals provided significantly greater improvements in glycosylated haemoglobin and better postprandial glycaemic control than regular human insulin administered 30 minutes before meals, when used in a basal-bolus regimen with neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin, in randomised, nonblind studies in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. In patients with type 2 diabetes, insulin aspart provided similar glycaemic control to regular human insulin, administered in a basal-bolus regimen with NPH insulin. Small studies suggest that the use of insulin aspart in combination with oral hypoglycaemic agents may be beneficial. Insulin aspart, administered by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) provided better glycaemic control than insulin aspart multiple daily injection regimens in patients with type 1 (but not type 2) diabetes, and had similar efficacy to CSII with insulin lispro or regular human insulin in type 1 diabetes. Limited studies show insulin aspart to be effective in children, adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes. Insulin aspart had a tolerability profile similar to that of regular human insulin in clinical trials. The incidence of major or nocturnal hypoglycaemic events reported in patients receiving insulin aspart was lower than that of regular human insulin in several studies. In conclusion, insulin aspart, administered immediately before meals in a basal-bolus regimen with NPH insulin, provided better long-term glycaemic control than regular human insulin administered 30 minutes before meals in patients with type 1 diabetes, and was as effective as regular human insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes. A significantly lower risk of hypoglycaemia was seen in several trials. Insulin aspart CSII provided better glycaemic control than insulin aspart multiple daily subcutaneous injection (MDI) in patients with type 1 (but not type 2) diabetes and had similar efficacy to CSII with insulin lispro or regular human insulin in type 1 diabetes. Insulin aspart is an effective and well tolerated alternative to regular human insulin and insulin lispro for the maintenance of glycaemic control in patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose
  • Child
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Diabetes Mellitus / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus / drug therapy*
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Insulin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Insulin / pharmacology*
  • Insulin / therapeutic use*
  • Insulin Aspart
  • Lipids / blood
  • Quality of Life

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin
  • Lipids
  • Insulin Aspart