The AT1 receptor subtype modulates all of the hemodynamic effects of the vasoactive peptide, angiotensin II. In this report, we investigate the genomic organization of this important receptor. A rat genomic library was screened with fragments from the 5' region of a previously cloned cDNA, pCa18b, encoding the rat AT1 receptor. Two lambda clones were isolated and the hybridizing restriction fragments were sequenced. Comparison of the genomic and cDNA sequences reveals that the rat AT1 receptor has three exons. Two of the exons encode 5' untranslated sequence while the third exon encompasses the entire coding region, a small portion of the 5' untranslated region and the entire 3' untranslated sequence. Further analysis of the genomic sequence 5' to the start site of pCa18b demonstrates typical sequence motifs found in many eukaryotic promoters including a TATA box, a cap site and a potential Sp1 binding site. Southern analysis of genomic DNA indicates that the AT1 receptor subtype represented by pCa18b is encoded by one gene within the rat genome.