Automated external defibrillators: safety and efficacy in children and adolescents

Pediatr Clin North Am. 2004 Oct;51(5):1443-62. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2004.04.006.


Although children do not suffer from ventricular fibrillation (VF) as frequently as adults, it does occur in 10% to 20% of pediatric cardiac arrests. The technology is available to recognize and treat ventricular fibrillation in children as quickly as we can for adults. This article discusses the evidence to support automated external defibrillator use in young children. As this technology gains increased acceptance, resuscitation rates and outcomes for VF in children should approach those that are seen in adults.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / complications
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / therapy*
  • Child
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac / etiology
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac / prevention & control
  • Electric Countershock
  • Humans
  • Resuscitation
  • Safety
  • Sensitivity and Specificity