Psychosocial impact of acne vulgaris: evaluating the evidence

Skin Therapy Lett. Aug-Sep 2004;9(7):1-3, 9.

Abstract

This paper reviews current evidence presented by recent studies on the impact of acne on psychosocial health. Study methodologies, including case-control and cross-sectional surveys, have demonstrated psychological abnormalities including depression, suicidal ideation, anxiety, psychosomatic symptoms, including pain and discomfort, embarrassment and social inhibition. Effective treatment of acne was accompanied by improvement in self-esteem, affect, obsessive-compulsiveness, shame, embarrassment, body image, social assertiveness and self-confidence. Acne is associated with a greater psychological burden than a variety of other disparate chronic disorders. Future studies with a longitudinal cohort design may provide further validation of the causal inference between acne and psychosocial disability provided by the current literature.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acne Vulgaris / psychology*
  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Canada
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cohort Studies
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Depressive Disorder / etiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychology
  • Quality of Life*
  • Reference Values
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Stress, Psychological