Desloratadine is a non-sedating antihistamine recently approved for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis. The major metabolite of desloratadine in human plasma and urine is the glucuronide conjugate of 3-hydroxydesloratadine. 3-Hydroxydesloratadine-glucuronide is also the major in vitro metabolite of 3-hydroxydesloratadine formed by incubation of 3-hydroxydesloratadine with human liver microsomes supplemented with uridine 5'-diphosphate-glucuronic acid (UDPGA). The metabolite structure was confirmed by LC-MS and LC-MS/MS. Out of ten recombinant human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), UGT1A1, UGT1A3, UGT1A8 and UGT2B15 exhibited catalytic activity with respect to the formation of 3-hydroxydesloratadine-glucuronide. Inhibition studies with known inhibitors of UGT (diclofenac, flunitrazepam and bilirubin) confirmed the involvement of UGT1A1, UGT1A3 and UGT2B15 in the formation of 3-hydroxydesloratadine-glucuronide. The results from this study demonstrated that the in vitro formation of 3-hydroxydesloratadine-glucuronide from 3-hydroxydesloratadine was mediated via UGT1A1, UGT1A3 and UGT2B15 in human liver.