The electrocardiogram in the highly trained athlete

Cardiol Clin. 1992 May;10(2):295-302.


Athletes may have congenital or acquired structural heart disease revealed by abnormal electrocardiogram. They may have structural heart disease despite a normal electrocardiogram. Athletes with normal hearts may show electrocardiogram changes that mimic those of heart disease. The distinction between adaptive hypertrophy and pathologic hypertrophy may be difficult based solely on the electrocardiogram.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological / physiology*
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / physiopathology
  • Cardiomegaly / physiopathology*
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac / etiology
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Heart Diseases / diagnosis
  • Heart Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Sports*