Purification and characterization of a cytosolic insulin-stimulated serine kinase from rat liver

J Biol Chem. 1992 May 15;267(14):9749-56.


A cytosolic insulin-sensitive serine kinase has been purified to apparent homogeneity in parallel from livers of control or acutely insulin-treated rats. The kinase is labile and requires rapid purification for stability. The kinase migrates as a band of apparent Mr = 90,000 on denaturing gels and elutes as a monomer on Superose 12 gel filtration. After sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and renaturation, the 90-kDa band presumed to be the kinase shows kinase activity toward myelin basic protein in situ. Substrates of the kinase include Leu-Arg-Arg-Ala-Ser-Leu-Gly (Kemptide), ribosomal protein S6, S6 peptide, a proline-rich peptide substrate, microtubule-associated protein 2, and myelin basic protein. The kinase also phosphorylates histones H1 and H2B, but does not autophosphorylate to a significant stoichiometry. The activity of the kinase is inhibited by fluoride, glycerophosphate, p-nitrophenyl phosphate, p-nitrophenol, heparin, quercetin, poly-L-lysine, and potassium phosphate, but is unaffected by calcium, cAMP, spermine, protein kinase inhibitor peptide, phorbol myristate acetate, calcium plus phosphatidylserine, or vanadate. The kinase will utilize magnesium (10 mM) as well as manganese (1 mM) as a cofactor for maximal phosphotransferase activity. The kinase is not detected by immunoblotting with antibodies directed against protein kinase C or type II S6 kinase. Taken together, these properties distinguish this kinase from other insulin-sensitive kinases that have been described previously. The purified kinase from livers of insulin-treated rats shows a 5-20-fold higher specific activity compared to enzyme prepared from control rats, suggesting a covalent modification as the mechanism of activation. Incubation of purified, insulin-stimulated kinase with purified phosphatase 2A leads to deactivation of the kinase activity, and the phosphatase inhibitor nitrophenyl phosphate blocks this deactivation. The insulin-activated kinase fails to immunoblot with anti-tyrosine phosphate antibodies. Taken together, these results indicate that insulin activates this novel cytosolic protein kinase by a mechanism that causes its phosphorylation on serine or threonine residues.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  • Cytosol / enzymology
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Insulin / pharmacology*
  • Isoenzymes / isolation & purification*
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Oligopeptides / metabolism
  • Protein Kinases / isolation & purification*
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Insulin
  • Isoenzymes
  • Oligopeptides
  • kemptide
  • Protein Kinases
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases