The biological role of strontium

Bone. 2004 Sep;35(3):583-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2004.04.026.


This review summarises old and more recent literature on the biological role of the bone-seeking trace metal strontium (Sr). It covers areas of chemistry, nutrition, toxicity, transport across biological membranes, homeostasis, general physiology, calcium-strontium interactions, and particularly the role of strontium in bone. The promoting action of strontium on calcium uptake into bone at moderate strontium supplementation, and the rachitogenic action of strontium at higher dietary strontium levels are emphasised. The literature is summarised of the novel antiosteoporotic drug strontium ranelate, which appears to act by a combination of reduced bone resorption and increased uptake of calcium into bone.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone and Bones / physiology*
  • Homeostasis / physiology
  • Humans
  • Strontium / physiology*


  • Strontium