The mechanism of prednisolone's efficacy in the dystrophic pathology is unclear. Prednisolone's anti-inflammatory functions may be particularly important considering the significance of inflammatory cells in dystrophinopathy. In other pathologies, prednisolone's anti-inflammatory effects can be mediated by reducing cellular adhesion molecule (CAM) expression. The goal of this study was to examine the effects of prednisolone on inflammation and CAM expression in dystrophic muscle. Dystrophin-deficient, mdx mice were treated with 0.75 mg/kg prednisolone from 2 to 4 weeks of age. Prednisolone reduced macrophages (-59%, -57%), CD4(+) T-cells (-50%, -60%), CD8(+) T-cells (-58%, -48%), and eosinophils (-36%, -25%) in quadriceps and soleus muscles, respectively. Prednisolone-treated mice also exhibited decreased vascular P-selectin (-82%) and ICAM-1 (-52%) expression and fewer L-selectin (-79%) and ICAM-1 (-57%) expressing mononuclear cells in quadriceps. Prednisolone reduced sarcolemmal damage and degeneration as well. Our data show that prednisolone is an effective anti-inflammatory in dystrophic muscle and may function by modulating CAM expression.