Synthesis and antimicrobial activities of some new 1-(5-phenylamino-[1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)methyl-5-oxo-[1,2,4]triazole and 1-(4-phenyl-5-thioxo-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)methyl-5-oxo- [1,2,4]triazole derivatives

Eur J Med Chem. 2004 Sep;39(9):793-804. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2004.06.007.


Acetic acid ethyl esters containing 5-oxo-[1,2,4]triazole ring (2) were synthesized by the condensation of compounds 1a-f with ethyl bromoacetate in basic media. The reaction of compounds 2a-f with hydrazine hydrate led to the formation of acid hydrazides (3a-f). The treatment of compounds 3 with two divers aromatic aldehydes resulted in the formation of arylidene hydrazides as cis-trans conformers (4a,c,e,f, 5a,e,f). The thiosemicarbazide derivatives (6a,c,d,f) were afforded by the reaction of corresponding compounds 3 with phenylisothiocyanate. The treatment of compounds 6a,c,d,f with sulfuric acidic caused the conversion of side-chain of compounds 6a,c,d,f into 1,3,4-thiadiazol ring; thus, compounds 7a,c,d,f were obtained. On the other hand, the cyclization of compounds 6a,c,d,f in the presence of 2 N NaOH resulted in the formation of compounds 8a,c,d,f containing two [1,2,4]triazole rings which are linked to each other via a methylene bridge. Compounds 4a, f, 5a, 7a, d, f, 8a and d have shown antimicrobial activity against one or more microorganism, but no antifungal activity has been observed against yeast like fungi. Also inhibitory effect on mycelial growth by compounds 4e, 7d and 8f has been observed. Compounds 4c and 5f were found to possess antitumor active towards breast cancer.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / chemical synthesis*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / chemical synthesis
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology
  • Bacteria / drug effects
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor
  • Humans
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Molecular Structure
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Triazoles / chemical synthesis*
  • Triazoles / pharmacology*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Triazoles
  • 1,2,4-triazole