The ELANA technique: constructing a high flow bypass using a non-occlusive anastomosis on the ICA and a conventional anastomosis on the SCA in the treatment of a fusiform giant basilar trunk aneurysm

Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2004 Sep;146(9):1009-19; discussion 1019. doi: 10.1007/s00701-004-0296-2. Epub 2004 Jul 9.


A patient with a partially thrombosed fusiform giant basilar trunk aneurysm presented with devastating headache and symptoms of progressive brain stem compression. Having an aneurysm inaccessible for endovascular treatment, and after failing a vertebral artery balloon occlusion test, he was offered bypass surgery in order to exclude the aneurysm from the cerebral circulation and relieve his symptoms. A connection between the intracranial internal carotid artery and the superior cerebellar artery was created whereupon the basilar artery was ligated just distally to the aneurysm. The proximal anastomosis on the internal carotid artery was made using the excimer laser-assisted non-occlusive anastomosis (ELANA) technique, while a conventional end-to-side anastomosis was used for the distal anastomosis on the superior cerebellar artery. Intra-operative flowmetry showed a flow through the bypass of 40 ml/min after ligation of the basilar artery. An angiogram 24 hours later showed normal filling of the bypass and the vessels supplied by it, but also disclosed a subtotal occlusion of the proximal ipsilateral middle cerebral artery with delayed filling distally. The patient, who had a known thrombogenic coagulopathy, died the following day. Autopsy showed no signs of ischemia in the territories supplied by the bypass, but a thrombus in the proximal middle cerebral artery and massive acute hemorrhagic infarction with swelling in its territory and uncal herniation. Multiple fresh thrombi were found in the lungs. The ELANA anastomosis showed re-endothelialisation without thrombus formation on the inside.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anastomosis, Surgical
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / pathology*
  • Cerebellum / blood supply
  • Cerebral Infarction / etiology
  • Cerebral Revascularization / methods*
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Headache / etiology
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Intracranial Hemorrhages / etiology
  • Laser Therapy / methods*
  • Male
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures / methods*