Carotid stenting with a new system for distal embolic protection and stenting in high-risk patients: the carotid revascularization with ev3 arterial technology evolution (CREATE) feasibility trial

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2004 Sep;63(1):1-6. doi: 10.1002/ccd.20155.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of carotid artery revascularization using a new system for carotid stenting and distal embolic protection in 30 patients with severe carotid stenosis and high risk for carotid endarterectomy (Carotid Revascularization With ev3 Arterial Technology Evolution, or CREATE). Previous studies suggest that patients with carotid stenosis and serious comorbid cardiopulmonary and anatomic conditions are at high risk for carotid endarterectomy. All patients underwent percutaneous revascularization using the Protégé GPS self-expanding nitinol stent (ev3, Plymouth, MN) and the Spider distal embolic protection system (ev3). In-hospital and 30-day outcomes were analyzed. High-risk features included age > 75 years (63%), left ventricular ejection fraction < 35% (20%), and restenosis after prior carotid endarterectomy (53%). Procedural success was 100%. In-hospital complications included severe vasovagal reactions in six patients (20%) and a popliteal embolus in one patient (3.3%), treated by successful embolectomy. During 30 days of follow-up, two patients (6.6%) experienced minor neurological deficits, including transient expressive aphasia that resolved without therapy in one patient and homonymous hemianopsia due to contralateral posterior circulation stroke in one patient. This study supports the feasibility of percutaneous carotid artery revascularization with the Protégé GPS self-expanding stent and Spider distal embolic protection system, which will be evaluated in a large multicenter pivotal trial (CREATE Pivotal Trial).

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / methods
  • Carotid Artery, Common / pathology*
  • Carotid Artery, Common / surgery*
  • Carotid Stenosis / physiopathology
  • Carotid Stenosis / surgery*
  • Embolism / etiology
  • Embolism / prevention & control*
  • Endarterectomy, Carotid / methods*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Stents*
  • Stroke Volume
  • Treatment Outcome