Coronary artery dissection and perforation complicating percutaneous coronary intervention

J Invasive Cardiol. 2004 Sep;16(9):493-9.


Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is widely utilized in the treatment of symptomatic coronary artery disease. Despite its numerous benefits, serious and potentially life-threatening complications of PCI can occur, including iatrogenic coronary artery dissection and perforation. The incidence of these complications has been augmented by the development of coronary interventional devices intended to remove or ablate tissue. We herein review the classification, incidence, pathogenesis, clinical sequelae and management of coronary artery dissection and perforation in the current era. Specifically, the current angiographic classifications of coronary artery dissections and perforations are reviewed. The findings of several recent, large registries of PCI-related coronary artery perforations are summarized. The management of coronary artery dissection and perforation is discussed at length, including the application of newer modalities such as covered stents.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aneurysm, Dissecting / etiology*
  • Aneurysm, Dissecting / therapy
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / etiology*
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / therapy
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary / adverse effects*
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary / methods
  • Coronary Artery Disease / etiology*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / therapy*
  • Coronary Vessels / injuries*
  • Echocardiography
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Stents