Purpose: To investigate the proximal 2.5 kb promoter in the myocilin (MYOC) gene for mutations in Chinese patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).
Patients and methods: We screened for sequence alterations in the MYOC promoter in 88 unrelated Chinese patients with POAG and 94 unrelated individuals without glaucoma, aged 50 years or above, as control subjects. In addition, the specific MYOC.mt1 polymorphism was determined in a total of 212 POAG patients and 221 control subjects. The relationships between POAG phenotype and the identified polymorphisms were studied by univariate analysis, multivariable logistic regression analysis, and haplotype analysis.
Results: All polymorphisms identified in this study followed Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (P > 0.12) both in POAG patients and controls. Both univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses showed no polymorphism that was significantly associated with the risk of POAG, P > 0.08 and P > 0.044 respectively. Haplotype analysis further indicated no association of MYOC promoter polymorphisms with the susceptibility for POAG (P > 0.1). On the other hand, there was no difference of POAG phenotypes among different genotypes of MYOC.mt1 (P > 0.31).
Conclusions: In this study on the Chinese population, polymorphisms in the MYOC promoter are not related to the risk of POAG. There is no association between the MYOC.mt1 promoter polymorphism with the severity of POAG.