In-home intervention for depressive symptoms with low-income mothers of infants and toddlers in the United States

Health Care Women Int. 2004 Jun-Jul;25(6):561-80. doi: 10.1080/07399330490444830.


Depressive symptoms in low-income mothers negatively affect infant-toddler development. This pilot study tested a short-term, home-based depressive symptom intervention with 16 African American and White, Non-Hispanic mothers in Early Head Start (EHS) programs who were randomly assigned to intervention and usual care/waiting list conditions. Mothers met in their homes with master's-prepared psychiatric mental health nurses who worked with them to improve their management of depressive symptoms and life issues, use of social support, and parenting. The intervention group showed a significantly greater decrease from baseline in depressive symptom severity at 8 and 16 weeks in contrast to the mothers receiving usual care. Observations of maternal interactions showed improvement in the intervention mothers. The results support testing on a larger scale.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Black or African American* / statistics & numerical data
  • Child, Preschool
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Depression / etiology
  • Depression / nursing*
  • Female
  • Health Education / methods*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Mental Health
  • Mothers* / education
  • Mothers* / psychology
  • Parenting
  • Pilot Projects
  • Poverty* / psychology
  • Self Care
  • Social Support
  • Southeastern United States / epidemiology
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • White People* / statistics & numerical data