Progressive changes in ventricular structure and function during the year after acute myocardial infarction

Am Heart J. 1992 Jul;124(1):24-31. doi: 10.1016/0002-8703(92)90916-j.


To investigate the long-term changes in left ventricular structure and function after myocardial infarction, 51 patients with a first myocardial infarction (17 anterior, 23 inferior, and 11 non-Q wave) were studied by two-dimensional echocardiography at the time of entry into the hospital, at 3 months, and 1 year after infarction. The left ventricular endocardial surface was reconstructed from these echocardiograms, and the endocardial surface area (ESA) index (in cm2/m2) and area of abnormal wall motion (AWM in cm2) were quantitated. Despite different trends in the ESA index between entry and 3-month values in those with and without early infarct expansion, a decrease in the ESA index from 3 months to 1 year was noted in anterior and non-Q wave infarctions (anterior with early expansion: 96.3 +/- 8.6 to 81.5 +/- 4.2 cm2/m2, p less than 0.05; anterior without early expansion: 59.7 +/- 2.0 to 54.7 +/- 2.0 cm2/m2, p less than 0.01; non-Q wave: 64.1 +/- 3.5 to 57.9 +/- 4.4 cm2/m2, p less than 0.01). The mean decline in ESA from 3 months to 1 year of 8.9 +/- 2.5 cm2 was independent of initial infarct size. Regional function, as represented by the area of AWM, was also improved but the timing of the improvement was related to the location and size of the infarction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cardiomegaly / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cardiomegaly / epidemiology
  • Echocardiography*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Contraction / physiology
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnostic imaging*
  • Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*