The mevalonate pathway and the synthesis of juvenile hormone in insects

Annu Rev Entomol. 2005;50:181-99. doi: 10.1146/annurev.ento.50.071803.130356.


The mevalonate pathway in insects has two important peculiarities, the absence of the sterol branch and the synthesis of juvenile hormone (JH), that may have influenced the mechanisms of regulation. The data available on these mechanisms indicate that cholesterol does not play a regulatory role and that JH modulates transcript levels of a number of genes of the mevalonate pathway or can influence the translatability and/or stability of the transcripts themselves. These data suggest that the mevalonate pathway in insects can best be interpreted in terms of coordinated regulation, in which regulators act in parallel to a number of enzymes, as occurs in the cholesterol-driven pathway in vertebrates.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Insect Proteins / metabolism
  • Insecta / metabolism*
  • Juvenile Hormones / biosynthesis*
  • Mevalonic Acid / metabolism*
  • Reproduction


  • Insect Proteins
  • Juvenile Hormones
  • Mevalonic Acid