Maternal and fetal outcome after long-term pamidronate treatment before conception: a report of two cases

J Bone Miner Res. 2004 Oct;19(10):1742-5. doi: 10.1359/JBMR.040711. Epub 2004 Jul 21.


The pregnancies of two women with osteogenesis imperfecta who received intravenous pamidronate before conception are reported. The mothers suffered no ill effects. One baby had transient asymptomatic hypocalcemia and one had bilateral talipes equinovarus. This report documents the pregnancy outcomes of two women with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), types I and IV, who received intravenous pamidronate as part of an observational trial before conception. Pamidronate was not administered after conception. Other than hyperemesis in one woman, the pregnancies and deliveries were uneventful. Both babies inherited OI from their mothers. The baby with OI type IV also had bilateral talipes equinovarus. Biochemical evaluation of the mothers and babies at 24 h and/or 2 weeks postpartum was normal, apart from one baby with asymptomatic hypocalcemia at 24 h of age that had resolved when next measured on day 11 of life. No biochemistry was available on the second child until 13 days of age. Neither baby had skeletal modeling abnormalities consistent with in utero pamidronate exposure. The lumbar spine (L1-L4) areal BMD and anterior to posterior height ratios of lumbar vertebral bodies of both women remained constant during pregnancy. Both the mothers and babies remain well and free of fracture 14 and 16 months postpartum.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Clubfoot / diagnosis
  • Diphosphonates / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypocalcemia / diagnosis
  • Infant
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Male
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / drug therapy*
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / genetics
  • Pamidronate
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome*


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Diphosphonates
  • Pamidronate