Cigarette, alcohol, and coffee consumption and prematurity

Am J Public Health. 1992 Jan;82(1):87-90. doi: 10.2105/ajph.82.1.87.


We analyzed data from a survey of occupational and other factors in pregnancy to assess the effects of cigarette, alcohol, and coffee consumption on pregnancy outcome. The risk of low birth weight for gestational age was found to increase substantially with smoking. Occasional consumers of alcohol had a slightly reduced risk relative to total abstainers. In more frequent drinkers, there was a small increase in risk. Risk increased slightly with coffee consumption.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology
  • Birth Order
  • Birth Weight
  • Coffee / adverse effects*
  • Data Collection
  • Educational Status
  • Employment
  • Ethnicity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature*
  • Parity
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome*
  • Quebec / epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects*
  • Smoking / epidemiology


  • Coffee