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. 2004 Nov 19;279(47):49551-61.
doi: 10.1074/jbc.M410317200. Epub 2004 Sep 13.

Protein Phosphatase 4 Is a Positive Regulator of Hematopoietic Progenitor Kinase 1

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Protein Phosphatase 4 Is a Positive Regulator of Hematopoietic Progenitor Kinase 1

Guisheng Zhou et al. J Biol Chem. .
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Hematopoietic progenitor kinase 1 (HPK1) is a hematopoietic specific mammalian Ste20-like protein kinase and has been implicated in many cellular signaling pathways including T cell receptor (TCR) signaling. However, little is known about the in vivo regulation of HPK1. We present evidence that HPK1 is positively regulated by protein phosphatase 4 (PP4; also called PPX and PPP4), a serine/threonine phosphatase. We found that PP4 interacted with HPK1 and that the proline-rich region of HPK1 was necessary and sufficient for this interaction. We also found that PP4 had phosphatase activity toward HPK1 in vivo and that co-transfection of PP4 with HPK1 resulted in specific kinase activation of HPK1. Moreover, we found that the PP4-induced HPK1 kinase activation was accompanied by an increase in protein expression of HPK1. Pulse-chase analysis showed that PP4 increased the half-life of HPK1. Further studies showed that HPK1 was subject to regulation by ubiquitination and ubiquitin-targeted degradation and that PP4 inhibited HPK1 ubiquitination. In addition, we found that TCR stimulation enhanced the PP4-HPK1 interaction and that wild-type PP4 enhanced, whereas a phosphatase-dead PP4 mutant inhibited, TCR-induced activation of HPK1 in Jurkat T cells. Combined with the observation that PP4 enhanced HPK1-induced JNK activation, our studies identify PP4 as a positive regulator for HPK1 and the HPK1-JNK signaling pathway.

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