Genotypic variation and identification of QTLs for agronomic traits, using AFLP and SSR markers in RILs of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

Theor Appl Genet. 2004 Nov;109(7):1353-60. doi: 10.1007/s00122-004-1770-1. Epub 2004 Sep 10.


A population of 77 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) were developed through single-seed descent from a cross between 'PAC-2' and 'RHA-266'. Seeds of the above-mentioned RILs and their parents were planted in the field in a randomised complete block design with two replications. Genetic control for some agronomical traits-sowing-to-flowering date, plant height, stem diameter (SD), head diameter (HD), grain weight per plant, 1,000-grain weight (TGW) and the percentage of oil in grains-were measured for RILs and their parents. Genetic variability was observed among 77 RILs for all traits studied. Transgressive segregation occurred for some traits, and the comparison between 10% of selected RILs with the best parent showed significant difference for SD and HD as well as for TGW. A set of 123 RILs from the same cross, including the 77 above-mentioned RILs and their two parents, were screened with 409 AFLP and SSR markers, and a linkage map was constructed based on 367 markers. Several QTLs associated with the studied traits were identified. The effects of each QTL are moderate, ranging from 7% to 37%, but a high percentage of phenotypic variance is explained when considering all the covariants (TR2 mean around 80% in each trait). Although the detected regions need to be more precisely mapped, the information obtained should help in marker-assisted selection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Plant / genetics
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Genetic Markers
  • Genetic Variation
  • Helianthus / genetics*
  • Quantitative Trait Loci*


  • Genetic Markers