Nanotubes by template wetting: a modular assembly system

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2004 Mar 5;43(11):1334-44. doi: 10.1002/anie.200300614.


The wetting of porous templates with polymer melts and solutions or polymer-containing mixtures is a simple and versatile method for the preparation of tubular structures with diameters ranging from a few tens of nanometers to micrometers. The tube walls can be made of a multitude of materials, some of which have thus far been altogether impossible to use or very limited in their ability to be incorporated into nanostuctures. Template wetting also makes it possible to modify the nanotubes in a variety of ways, for example through the controlled generation of pores or the embedding of nanoparticles into the walls. This method offers a promising approach to functionalized nanotube-template hybrid systems and free-standing nanotubes.