Facial and oral aspects of some venereal and tropical diseases

Acta Dermatovenerol Croat. 2004;12(3):173-80.


Diseases of the tropical areas include some venereal diseases, and they are still very prevalent in some countries; Brazil is one of them. Very few cases are originated in large cities, as Rio de Janeiro, but at the University Hospital of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro we also see those patients who come from the interior of the State of Rio de Janeiro or from other states to seek medical care at better equipped hospitals for this type of investigation and therapy. Venereal and tropical dermatoses have many different cutaneous manifestations and may affect skin in several locations. The face is one of the affected areas especially when the disease has a predilection for cartilage, oral and/or nasal mucosa. Alterations observed on the skin of the face and on the mucosa of the mouth of some tropical diseases, such as leprosy, leishmaniasis, paracoccidioidomycosis, donovanosis, and syphilis, as they are observed in Brazil, are presented and discussed in this article.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brazil
  • Facial Dermatoses / diagnosis*
  • Granuloma Inguinale / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Leishmaniasis / diagnosis
  • Leprosy / diagnosis
  • Mouth Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Mouth Diseases / parasitology
  • Paracoccidioidomycosis / diagnosis
  • Skin Diseases, Infectious / diagnosis*
  • Syphilis, Cutaneous / diagnosis
  • Tropical Climate*