Performance changes for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on long-term oxygen therapy after physiotherapy

J Rehabil Med. 2004 Jul;36(4):153-8. doi: 10.1080/16501970410023443.

Abstract

Objective: To investigate whether patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on long-term oxygen therapy would benefit from an early 8-week rehabilitation programme in terms of exercise performance, health-related quality of life and activities of daily living.

Methods: Two weeks after onset of oxygen therapy, 20 patients were randomized to rehabilitation (group A) or not (group B). Exercise performance was measured using a 6-minute walking test. Health-related quality of life was measured with the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire. Activity of daily living ability was measured with the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire.

Results: The mean 6-minute walking distance increased by 35% (p < 0.01) in group A after rehabilitation. The mean increase in group B was only 8% (n.s.). Patients in group A reported less overall dyspnoea after rehabilitation (p < 0.05) and, compared with group B, reported better activity of daily living ability (p < 0.01).

Conclusion: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on long-term oxygen treatment may improve their walking distance, experience less dyspnoea and improve activity of daily living ability with an early rehabilitation programme.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oxygen Inhalation Therapy*
  • Physical Education and Training* / methods
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / rehabilitation
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / therapy*
  • Quality of Life
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Walking