Dopamine-deficient (DD) mice become hypophagic and die of starvation by 3 to 4 weeks of age unless dopamine is restored by daily treatment with l-3-4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-dopa). We demonstrate here that DD mice mount qualitatively normal counter-regulatory blood glucose responses to insulin and 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2-DG). However, unlike control mice, DD mice fail to eat in response to acute glucoprivation induced by insulin or 2-DG. They also have a severely blunted response to central administration of peptide YY (PYY). Viral-mediated restoration of dopamine synthesis to the central caudate putamen (CPu) of DD mice rescues feeding and survival. However, this treatment fails to restore insulin- and 2-DG-induced feeding despite normalizing feeding in response to food deprivation and PYY. Since dopamine signaling in the CPu is not sufficient for glucoprivation-induced feeding, we propose that this feeding behavior may be mediated by dopamine in an anatomically distinct brain region.