Angiotensin II early regulated genes in H295R human adrenocortical cells

Physiol Genomics. 2004 Sep 16;19(1):106-16. doi: 10.1152/physiolgenomics.00097.2004.


Evidence for the dysregulation of aldosterone synthesis in cardiovascular pathophysiology has renewed interest in the control of its production. Cellular mechanisms by which angiotensin II (ANG II) stimulates aldosterone synthesis in the adrenal zona glomerulosa are incompletely understood. To elucidate the mechanism of intracellular signaling by ANG II stimulation in the adrenal, we have studied immediate-early regulated genes in human adrenal H295R cells using cDNA microarrays. H295R cells were stimulated with ANG II for 3 h. Gene expression was analyzed by microarray technology and validated by real-time RT-PCR. Eleven genes were found to be upregulated by ANG II. These encode the proteins for ferredoxin, Nor1, Nurr1, c6orf37, CAT-1, A20, MBLL, M-Ras, RhoB, GADD45alpha, and a novel protein designated FLJ45273. Maximum expression levels for all genes occurred 3-6 h after ANG II stimulation. This increase was dose dependent and preceded maximal aldosterone production. Other aldosterone secretagogues, K+ and endothelin-1 (ET-1), also induced the expression of these genes with variable efficiency depending on the gene and with lower potency than ANG II. ACTH had negligible effect on gene expression except for the CAT-1 and Nurr1 genes. These ANG II-stimulated genes are involved in several cellular functions and are good candidate effectors and regulators of ANG II-mediated effects in adrenal zona glomerulosa.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Glands / cytology*
  • Adrenal Glands / drug effects*
  • Adrenal Glands / metabolism
  • Aldosterone / metabolism
  • Angiotensin II / pharmacology*
  • Cell Line
  • Cycloheximide / pharmacology
  • Gene Expression Profiling*
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects*
  • Genes, Immediate-Early / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Time Factors


  • RNA, Messenger
  • Angiotensin II
  • Aldosterone
  • Cycloheximide