Bronchial smooth muscle mechanics of a canine model of allergic airway hyperresponsiveness

J Appl Physiol (1985). 1992 Jan;72(1):39-45. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1992.72.1.39.


Although we have reported that tracheal smooth muscle from sensitized dogs shows altered mechanical properties, we did not know, because of technical difficulties with the preparation, whether similar changes occur in the properties of sensitized central bronchial smooth muscle (BSM), the site at which the acute asthmatic response is believed to develop. We have now succeeded in developing a cartilage-free BSM preparation that retains optimal mechanical properties. Such strips were obtained from mongrel dogs that had been sensitized to ragweed pollen. Controls were littermates injected with adjuvant alone. Length-tension relationships were obtained for both control and sensitized BSM strips (CBSM and SBSM, respectively). The maximal active stresses were the same (P greater than 0.05) when normalized to muscle fraction in total tissue cross-sectional area [6.2 +/- 0.6 x 10(4) and 5.9 +/- 0.6 x 10(4) (SE) for SBSM and CBSM, respectively]. This suggests that optimal tension is an insensitive indicator of bronchial hyperresponsiveness and that isotonic studies might be more revealing. The maximal shortening velocity (Vo) for SBSM at 2 s [0.35 +/- 0.017 (SE) lo/s, where lo signifies optimal muscle length], in the course of a 10-s contraction, was significantly greater (P less than 0.05) than Vo measured for CBSM (0.27 +/- 0.015 lo/s). However, Vo did not differ at the 8-s point of contraction. The sensitized group demonstrated a statistically significantly greater maximal shortening capacity (0.67 +/- 0.04 lo) than the control group (0.51 +/- 0.04 lo). At 2 s of contraction, 80% of maximal SBSM shortening had been completed and was significantly greater than for CBSM.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Asthma / pathology
  • Asthma / physiopathology*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Bronchial Hyperreactivity / pathology
  • Bronchial Hyperreactivity / physiopathology*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Isometric Contraction / physiology
  • Isotonic Contraction / physiology
  • Male
  • Muscle, Smooth / pathology
  • Muscle, Smooth / physiopathology*