Isotype-specific antibody responses and cross reactivity were profiled following hyperimmunization of steers with J5 Escherichia coli bacterin. The vaccine was administered at time 0, 30 d later, and every 2 wk for 10 subsequent immunizations. Blood was collected preimmunization and multiple times following each immunization. Isotype-specific anti-J5 Escherichia coli antibody response profiles in diluted sera harvested from each sample were assayed by ELISA and recorded as optical density. Selected sera were assayed for anti-J5 Escherichia coli antibody titers and used to determine cross reactivity against a variety of gram-negative bacteria. Immunization number and day postimmunization influenced response profiles for anti-J5 E. coli IgM, IgG(1)and IgG(2) antibodies. Two immunizations increased mean serum IgM and the IgG(1)antibody profiles above preimmunization levels, but 5 immunizations were required to detect significant IgG(2) antibody responses that were above preimmunization levels. Isotype-specific cross reactivity of the serum antibodies with a variety of heterologous gram-negative bacteria was also increased by hyperimmunization. However, no cross reactivity was observed for Staphylococcus aureus, purified lipopolysaccharide, or lipid A. Our results indicate that multiple booster doses of J5 E. coli bacterin may be required to elicit high levels of cross-reactive serum IgG(2) antibodies.