RNA interference (RNAi) provides a powerful method for gene silencing in eukaryotic cells, including proliferating mammalian cells. Here, we determined whether RNAi could be utilized to inhibit the expression of proteases implicated in the extracellular matrix degradation, which is characteristic of tumor progression. We have previously shown that antisense stable clones of uPAR and cathepsin B were less invasive and did not form tumors when injected intracranially ex vivo. Since antisense-mediated gene silencing does not completely inhibit the translation of target mRNA and high molar concentrations of antisense molecules are required to achieve gene silencing, we used the RNAi approach to silence uPAR and cathepsin B in this study. We found that the expression of double-stranded RNA leads to the efficient and specific inhibition of endogenous uPAR and cathepsin B protein expression in glioma cell lines as determined by Western blotting. We also found the RNAi of uPAR and cathepsin B reduces glioma cell invasion and angiogenesis in in vitro and in vivo models. Intratumoral injections of plasmid vectors expressing hpRNA for uPAR and cathepsin B resulted in the regression of pre-established intracranial tumors. Further, RNAi for uPAR and cathepsin B inhibited cell proliferation and reduced the levels of pERK and pFAK compared to controls. Taken together, our findings indicate for the first time that RNAi operates in human glioma cells with potential application for cancer gene therapy.