We investigated whether the retrosplenial and the posterior cingulate cortex (RS-PCC) is functionally impaired in schizophrenia patients. Therefore, we measured functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) signal changes associated with a synonym-judgment task known to activate, among other areas, the RS-PCC. Compared to 12 matched control subjects, 12 schizophrenia patients exhibited reliably weaker activations in the RS-PCC, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the left orbitofrontal cortex (P < 0.05, corrected). Differences in frontal activations are in line with previous studies showing a structurally and functionally affected prefrontal cortex in schizophrenia. The impaired RS-PCC functionality in a semantic task may relate to verbal memory deficits frequently observed in schizophrenia patients, because this region is pivotal for gating information into the medial temporal lobe memory system.