Effect of different tumor necrosis factor (TNF) reactive agents on reverse signaling of membrane integrated TNF in monocytes

Cytokine. 2004 Oct 21;28(2):67-74. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2004.06.008.


Reverse signaling of transmembrane TNF (mTNF) contributes to the versatility of this cytokine superfamily. Previously, we could demonstrate that mTNF acting as receptor confers resistance to bacterial lipopolysaccharide in monocytes and macrophages (MO/MPhi). Reverse signaling can be induced by incubation with the monoclonal anti-TNF antibody 195F and other TNF antagonists, such as the humanized monoclonal antibody infliximab and the humanized soluble TNF receptor construct etanercept, respectively, all in former or present clinical use. Here, we addressed the question whether there are differences in modulating the LPS response in MO/MPhi among these three antagonists. Whereas 195F and infliximab suppress both, the release of an LPS-induced endothelial cell apoptotic factor and proinflammatory cytokines, etanercept only protected against the LPS-triggered apoptosis activity, but left the LPS-induced cytokine release unchanged. These data could have clinical impact with regard to TNF neutralization strategies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
  • MAP Kinase Signaling System / drug effects
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Monocytes / cytology*
  • Monocytes / drug effects
  • Monocytes / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction* / drug effects
  • Solubility
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors
  • Tumor Necrosis Factors / metabolism*


  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors
  • Tumor Necrosis Factors