Lung inflammation as a therapeutic target in cystic fibrosis

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2004 Oct;31(4):377-81. doi: 10.1165/rcmb.2004-0124TR.


Cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease is characterized by chronic neutrophilic inflammation and infection. Effective management of airway inflammation could complement other therapies for the treatment of CF. Recent progress has been made in understanding the signaling pathways regulating inflammatory cytokines in the lung. Here we examine the mechanisms responsible for inflammation in the CF lung, and discuss potential therapeutic strategies targeting inflammation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use*
  • Cystic Fibrosis / complications
  • Cystic Fibrosis / physiopathology*
  • Cystic Fibrosis / therapy*
  • Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation Mediators / physiology*
  • Lung / immunology
  • Lung / physiopathology*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • CFTR protein, human
  • Inflammation Mediators
  • Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator