Animal models of inflammatory bowel disease

J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods. Sep-Oct 2004;50(2):81-92. doi: 10.1016/j.vascn.2003.12.002.


In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), experimental models have proven to be important tools for detecting potential therapeutic agents and for investigating the mechanisms of pathogenesis. This review is intended to cover recent advances in basic IBD model applications. The use of more than 20 animal models has allowed the detection of numerous protective pharmacological agents, including a number of immunomodulatory agents that have entered the therapeutic armamentarium. The models have been classified into five main categories based on the methods of induction: gene knockout (KO), transgenic, chemical, adoptive transfer, and spontaneous (each with subcategories).

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adoptive Transfer
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Colitis / drug therapy
  • Colitis / etiology
  • Colitis / pathology
  • Disease Models, Animal*
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases* / drug therapy
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases* / etiology
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases* / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Rats