Electroporation of mRNA has become an established method for gene transfer into dendritic cells for immunotherapeutic purposes. However, many more cell types and applications might benefit from an efficient mRNA-based gene transfer method. In this study, we investigated the potential of mRNA-based gene transfer to induce short-term transgene expression in adult stem cells and activated T cells, based on electroporation with mRNA encoding the enhanced green fluorescent protein. The results show efficient transgene expression in CD34-positive hematopoietic progenitor cells (35%), in in vitro cultured mesenchymal cells (90%) and in PHA-stimulated T cells (50%). Next to presentation of gene transfer results, potential applications of mRNA-based gene transfer in stem cells and T cells are discussed.