We report the fourth worldwide case of pure primary squamous cell carcinoma of the breast presenting as an abscess. An inflammatory breast lesion in postmenopausal woman must be suspected as a malignant one and drainage of the abscess has to be followed by an accurate excision. The finding of a pure squamous cell carcinoma bears the necessity of an accurate diagnostic work up, to exclude a skin lesion or a metastasis from other district. Also histological criteria are discussed. More difficult to outline therapeutic options, due to the rarity of disease and great difference in outcome observed.