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, 19 (11), 1157-62

Immediate Pars Plana Vitrectomy for Dislocated Intravitreal Lens Fragments During Cataract Surgery

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Immediate Pars Plana Vitrectomy for Dislocated Intravitreal Lens Fragments During Cataract Surgery

T Y Y Lai et al. Eye (Lond).

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the outcome of patients who underwent instantaneous pars plana vitrectomy for dislocated lens fragments during cataract surgery.

Methods: The medical records of 29 patients who underwent immediate pars plana vitrectomy for dislocated lens fragments at the same sitting of phacoemulsification surgery were reviewed. Data including patients' demographics, preoperative and postoperative vision, risk factors for lens fragment dislocation, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded.

Results: The mean follow-up period of the patients was 12.3 months (range, 3-47 months). The median preoperative visual acuity was 6/90 (range, LP to 6/15). The median final postoperative visual acuity was 6/18 (range, NLP to 6/9) and the mean improvement in vision after the operation was 4.5 lines. The commonest risk factors for dislocation of lens fragment were late detection of posterior capsule tear, splitting of anterior capsulorrhexis, and hard nucleus. After excluding nine eyes with other pre-existing ocular comorbidities, 10 (50%) eyes had a final visual acuity of 6/12 or better. Complications after surgery included three (10%) cases of retinal detachment and one (3%) patient developed epiretinal membrane. None of the patients in the study developed secondary glaucoma or cystoid macular oedema following surgery.

Conclusion: Immediate vitrectomy in the same sitting of the cataract surgery is a surgical option in the management of dislocated intravitreal lens fragments when vitreoretinal support is available. Most patients achieve a good visual outcome with reduced risk of secondary glaucoma and cystoid macular oedema after surgery.

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