Developmental transcription factor slug is required for effective re-epithelialization by adult keratinocytes

J Cell Physiol. 2005 Mar;202(3):858-66. doi: 10.1002/jcp.20188.


During re-epithelialization of cutaneous wounds, keratinocytes recapitulate several aspects of the embryonic process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), including migratory activity and reduced intercellular adhesion. The transcription factor Slug modulates EMT in the embryo and controls desmosome number in adult epithelial cells, therefore, we investigated Slug expression and function during cutaneous wound re-epithelialization. Slug expression was elevated in keratinocytes bordering cutaneous wounds in mice in vivo, in keratinocytes migrating from mouse skin explants ex vivo, and in human keratinocytes at wound margins in vitro. Expression of the related transcription factor Snail was not significantly modulated in keratinocytes during re-epithelialization in vitro. Epithelial cell outgrowth from skin explants of Slug knockout mice was severely compromised, indicating a critical role for Slug in epithelial keratinocyte migration. Overexpression of Slug in cultured human keratinocytes caused increased cell spreading and desmosomal disruption, both of which were most pronounced at wound margins. Furthermore, in vitro wound healing was markedly accelerated in keratinocytes that ectopically expressed Slug. Taken together, these findings suggest that Slug plays an important role during wound re-epithelialization in adult skin and indicate that Slug controls some aspects of epithleial cell behavior in adult tissues as well as during embryonic development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cadherins / genetics
  • Cadherins / metabolism
  • Cell Line
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Desmoplakins
  • Desmosomes / metabolism
  • Epithelial Cells / cytology
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Keratinocytes / cytology
  • Keratinocytes / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Morphogenesis*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Snail Family Transcription Factors
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Wound Healing*


  • Cadherins
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Desmoplakins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • SNAI1 protein, human
  • Snai2 protein, mouse
  • Snail Family Transcription Factors
  • Transcription Factors