Specific chromosome aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) in chromosomes 9 and 11 may be associated with bladder cancer. To investigate this hypothesis, in this study, we used a whole-chromosome painting technique to detect chromosomal aberrations in PBLs from 100 patients with bladder cancer and 100 matched controls. We also used a locus-specific fluorescence in situ hybridization technique to study 9p21 and cyclin D1 gene (CCND1) aberrations in PBLs of 10 patients and 10 controls and in tumor tissues of 38 additional cases. The chromosome-painting analysis showed that there were more aberrations of chromosomes 9 and 11 in bladder cancer patients than in controls. When categorized by type, the number of deletions of 9p and of translocations of chromosome 11 was significantly higher in patients than in controls (P < 0.05). Stratified analysis showed a larger odds ratio (OR) for bladder cancer in individuals with either a 9p deletion or a chromosome 11 translocation/amplification and an even larger OR in individuals with both aberrations. Using locus-specific analysis, we found that 9p21 aberrations occurred more frequently in bladder cancer patients (12.1 per 1,000 interphase cells) than in controls (6.4 per 1,000 interphase cells, P < 0.05); CCND1 translocation and amplification were observed only in bladder cancer patients. Tumor tissue analysis showed that aberrations of 9p21 (40.0 per 100 interphase cells) and CCND1 (43.8 per 100 interphase cells) were very common. Thus, we concluded that 9p deletions and translocations of chromosome 11, especially at 9p21 and CCND1, are associated with bladder cancer.
Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.