Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) secretion from islet cells and its plasma concentration in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1992 Jan;15(1):89-96. doi: 10.1016/0168-8227(92)90073-z.


Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP/Amylin) is a novel peptide which was extracted from islet amyloid deposits in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). However, its pattern of secretions and plasma concentrations under various conditions has not yet been made clear enough. In this study, we examined IAPP secretion from islet beta-cells in vitro using cultured islet cells of neonatal rat pancreas and plasma IAPP responses under various conditions in vivo in normal control subjects and patients with glucose intolerance. Our data revealed that (1) IAPP is co-secreted with insulin from islet cells of the rat pancreas by glucose and non-glucose stimuli; (2) fasting plasma IAPP levels in normal control subjects are 24.9 +/- 2.0 pg/ml and the molar ratio of IAPP/insulin is approximately 1/7; (3) fasting IAPP levels are high in obese patients and low in insulin-dependent diabetic patients, and the molar ratio of IAPP/C-peptide in NIDDM patients is lower than that in normal control subjects, suggesting the basal hyposecretion of IAPP relative to insulin in NIDDM; and (4) the obese patients who had a hyperresponsiveness of insulin relative to C-peptide had the hyperresponsiveness of IAPP relative to C-peptide during an oral glucose load, suggesting that IAPP may have some physiological effect in glucose metabolism.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amyloid / blood
  • Amyloid / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • C-Peptide / blood
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Diabetes Mellitus / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / physiopathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology
  • Glucose Clamp Technique
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood
  • Islet Amyloid Polypeptide
  • Islets of Langerhans / metabolism*
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity*
  • Rats
  • Reference Values


  • Amyloid
  • Blood Glucose
  • C-Peptide
  • Insulin
  • Islet Amyloid Polypeptide