Personality differences in high risk sports amateurs and instructors

Percept Mot Skills. 2004 Aug;99(1):83-94. doi: 10.2466/pms.99.1.83-94.

Abstract

This study investigated the personality differences of 21 amateurs and 20 instructors who participated in the high risk sports of skydiving, hang-gliding, paragliding, scuba diving, microlighting, and rock climbing, versus those who did not. 38 men and 28 women (M age=32.6 yr., SD= 10.0) were assessed using the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised, the General Health Questionnaire, the Generalised Self-efficacy Scale, and a Type A/B personality measure. Instructors and Amateurs scored significantly higher on Extroversion and lower on Neuroticism than Nonparticipants; however, they differed from each other on the General Health Questionnaire and Type A/B personality scores. Amateurs scored significantly higher on Psychoticism and Self-efficacy than Instructors and Nonparticipants. In conclusion, these test scores suggest that people who are attracted to high risk sports tend to be at the extroverted and emotionally stable end of the scale, with a tendency to exhibit Type A characteristics; however, Instructors' scores on Psychoticism and Self-efficacy are more akin to those of Nonparticipants.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aviation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Personality Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Personality Disorders / epidemiology
  • Personality Inventory
  • Risk-Taking*
  • Self Efficacy
  • Sports*
  • Teaching / statistics & numerical data*