Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women, and mutations in the BRCA genes produce increased susceptibility to these malignancies in certain families. Here we identify BRCA1-IRIS as a 1,399-amino-acid BRCA1 gene product encoded by an uninterrupted open reading frame that extends from codon 1 of the known BRCA1 open reading frame to a termination point 34 triplets into intron 11. Unlike full-length BRCA1 (p220), BRCA1-IRIS is exclusively chromatin-associated, fails to interact with BARD1 in vivo or in vitro and exhibits unique nuclear immunostaining. Unlike BRCA1FL (or p220), BRCA1-IRIS also co-immunoprecipitated with DNA-replication-licensing proteins and with known replication initiation sites. Suppression of BRCA1-IRIS expression hindered the normal departure of geminin from pre-replication complexes, and depressed the rate of cellular DNA replication and possibly initiation-related synthesis. In contrast, BRCA1-IRIS overexpression stimulated DNA replication. These data imply that endogenous BRCA1-IRIS positively influences the DNA replication initiation machinery.