A total of 550 stool samples were collected from a low socio economic population of Chandigarh (North India) and examined macroscopically and microscopically, to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and their familial incidence. The overall prevalence rate was 19.3%. Ascaris lumbricoides and Giardia lamblia were the commonest, affecting 51 (9.3%) and 33 (6.0%), respectively. In 17 (22.7%) families the same parasite was observed to infect multiple family members, which included A.lumbricoides (in 9 families), G. lamblia (in 7 families) and H. nana (in 1 family). The results of present study indicate that there is a high prevalence of parasitic infection in the community where personal hygiene and sanitary conditions are poor and may be one of the contributing factors for transmission within the families. Intervention strategies including health education program should be designed and implemented to control parasitic infections.