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. 2004 Oct 5;43(39):12575-84.
doi: 10.1021/bi0492152.

Selection of Active ScFv to G-protein-coupled Receptor CCR5 Using Surface Antigen-Mimicking Peptides

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Selection of Active ScFv to G-protein-coupled Receptor CCR5 Using Surface Antigen-Mimicking Peptides

Ying Zhang et al. Biochemistry. .

Abstract

This study describes the use of cyclic peptides for use in the selection of single-chain (ScFv) antibodies specific for the HIV-1 coreceptor CCR5, a representative G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). A tandem ligation strategy was developed for preparing biotinylated cyclic peptides, first through an orthogonal end-to-end ligation and then a chemoselective ligation with functionalized biotin. Cyclic peptides mimicking the extracellular loops of CCR5 and their unconstrained counterparts were then used for solution-phase selection of ScFv antibodies from a phage display antibody library. Antibodies reactive with CCR5 on cells were detected using a homogeneous high throughput assay. Of 19 isolated ScFv antibodies that bound to CCR5+ cells, three inhibited CCR5-mediated but not CXCR4-mediated HIV infection. Only ScFvs selected by binding to cyclic constrained peptides exhibited inhibitory activity. Our results demonstrate that surface-antigen mimetics of a GPCR are effective tools for selecting active, site-specific ScFv antibodies that hold promise as immunological reagents and therapeutics.

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